Navigation bar--use text links at bottom of page.

(Comparative Anatomy and Physiology Brought Up to Date--continued, Part 6D)

Quantitative Analysis of Gut Morphology
in Primates and Humans


Introduction

A series of excellent papers--Chivers and Hladik [1980, 1984]; Martin, Chivers, MacLarnon, and Hladik [1985] (hereafter referred to as Martin et al. [1985]), and MacLarnon, Martin, Chivers, and Hladik [1986] (hereafter referred to as MacLarnon et al. [1986])--provides two separate and different quantitative analyses of gut morphology, with cross-reference to diet. Together, these two detailed analyses provide a sharp contrast to the simplistic analyses one typically finds in the comparative "proofs" of diet. The papers of Sussman [1987] and Hladik et al. [1999] are also discussed below, for the supplementary insights they provide.

Note: The above papers are lengthy and provide considerable detailed, technical information. Only a summary of the major points in each analysis is provided here. Those with a specific interest in gut morphology can learn much from the above papers. And frankly, if you do read the papers cited above, you will realize just how simplistic the analyses presented in the typical comparative "proofs" of diet, really are.



The research of Chivers and Hladik [1980, 1984]

The two papers of Chivers and Hladik [1980, 1984] provide the first analysis of gut morphology of the two different analyses that will be discussed here. To begin with a brief summary, the major points of the approach in these two papers are:

Figure: Faunivory, folivory, and frugivory in primates.

GO TO NEXT PART OF ARTICLE

(Gut Morphology--Conclusion / Clarifying "Omnivore" vs. "Faunivore")

Return to beginning of article

SEE REFERENCE LIST


SEE TABLE OF CONTENTS FOR:
PART 1 PART 2 PART 3 PART 4 PART 5 PART 6 PART 7 PART 8 PART 9

GO TO PART 1 - Brief Overview: What is the Relevance of Comparative Anatomical and Physiological "Proofs"?

GO TO PART 2 - Looking at Ape Diets: Myths, Realities, and Rationalizations

GO TO PART 3 - The Fossil-Record Evidence about Human Diet

GO TO PART 4 - Intelligence, Evolution of the Human Brain, and Diet

GO TO PART 5 - Limitations on Comparative Dietary Proofs

GO TO PART 6 - What Comparative Anatomy Does and Doesn't Tell Us about Human Diet

GO TO PART 7 - Insights about Human Nutrition & Digestion from Comparative Physiology

GO TO PART 8 - Further Issues in the Debate over Omnivorous vs. Vegetarian Diets

GO TO PART 9 - Conclusions: The End, or The Beginning of a New Approach to Your Diet?

Back to Research-Based Appraisals of Alternative Diet Lore

   Beyond Veg home   |   Feedback   |   Links